Saltwater aquarium fish

With regards to saltwater aquarium fish, there is a tremendous choice of animal groups you can choose from. It is enticing when you visit an aquarium store to spur of the moment purchase the most up to date landings. By and large freshwater fish are hardier than saltwater fish; anyway there are various saltwater fish that are very hardy. Whilst there are a lot of well-known saltwater species, this article just highlights fish which are appropriate for beginners.

Some Saltwater Fish

Tangs

  • Care Level:  Easy
  • Temperament:  Semi-aggressive
  • Diet: Herbivore
  • Water Conditions:  72-78° F,
  • Max.Size : 8 inch
  • Family:  Acanthuridae
  • Minimum Tank Size:  100 gallons
  • Lifespan: 8 – 20 years

Tangs are mostly found in the Indo-Pacific Ocean, though due to their popularity, most tang species are available in local pet stores. Tangs come in a variety of coloration’s, from a striking contrast of blue, yellow, and black (as is with the blue hippo tang) to the subtler blend of brown and yellow (as is with the kole tang). They have blade-like fins near their tail-fins that they use when they quibble with each other, hence the alternative name, ‘surgeon-fish’.

Chalk Bass

  • Care Level:  Easy
  • Temperament:  Semi-aggressive
  • Diet:  Mostly Carnivore
  • Water Conditions:  72-76° F,
  • Max.Size : Generally 3”, certain breeds up to 12″
  • Family:  Serranidae
  • Minimum Tank Size:  30 Gallons
  • Lifespan:   8-12 years Years

It is a peaceful aquarium fish that will get along with other less aggressive tank mates thus making it a good community fish. At times though when the fish is overgrown it can easily eat smaller invertebrates like the Bamboo shrimp but will only do this when there is no other easy to get food offered. It is also referred to as the Serranus tortugarum.

Damselfish

  • Care Level:  Easy
  • Temperament:  Aggressive
  • Diet:  Mostly Carnivore
  • Water Conditions:  72-76° F,
  • Max.Size : Generally 3”, certain breeds up to 12″
  • Family:  Pomacentridae
  • Minimum Tank Size:  30 Gallons
  • Lifespan:   5-6 Years

The Damselfish belong to the Pomacentridae family, there are over 250 species. Damselfish species are found in saltwater, certain species can survive in brackish waters. The Damselfish are renowned for their hardiness, bright colors, and easy to keep. It’s important to mention that the Damselfish is an extremely large group of fish and as a result, each species of Damsel has its own quirks and individuality.

Dottyback

  • Care Level:  Easy
  • Temperament:  Semi-aggressive
  • Diet:  Mostly Carnivore
  • Water Conditions:  72-78° F,
  • Max.Size : Generally 3 inch
  • Family:  Pseudochromidae
  • Minimum Tank Size:  30 Gallons
  • Lifespan:   3-5 Years

Dottybacks fishes are a family of small saltwater fish made up of over 100 distinct species. Dottyback is intelligent hardy and vibrantly colored, making it popular choices amongst most aquarists. Most species are extremely small and do not grow any larger than 4 inches in length. Most species come in colored and dazzling shades of red, yellow, orange, blue, purple, grey, black and white.

Clown fish

  • Care Level:  Easy
  • Temperament:  Peaceful
  • Diet: Omnivore
  • Water Conditions:  75-80° F,
  • Max.Size : 3 inch
  • Family:  Pomacentridae.
  • Minimum Tank Size:  30 Gallons
  • Lifespan:   3-6 Years

The Clownfish is probably the most popular saltwater fish species today and one of the reasons that most people want to get into the saltwater hobby. After the Disney movie (Finding Nemo) probably has a lot to do with the incredible popularity of this fish. They have a somewhat unique way of swimming. The orange, white and black coloration is strikingly beautiful.

Firefish

  • Care Level:  Easy
  • Temperament:  Peaceful
  • Diet: Carnivore
  • Water Conditions:  72-78° F° 
  • Max.Size : 3 inch
  • Family:  Microdesmidae
  • Minimum Tank Size:  20 Gallons
  • Lifespan: 3 Years maybe longer in captivity

The Firefish Goby is one of the most popular fish in the marine hobby. It is a magnificent fish with unique body shape, brilliant coloration, and unparalleled personality. Also known as the Fire Goby, Magnificent Dartfish, or Fire Dartfish (Nemateleotris Magnifica) has a yellow head, white anterior, and pinkish to orange-red posterior. And, because of its small size, the Firefish Goby or Magnificent Fire Dartfish makes a great addition to the smaller reef system.

Coral Beauties

  • Care Level:  Easy
  • Temperament:  Semi-aggressive
  • Diet: Omnivore
  • Water Conditions:  72-78° F° 
  • Max.Size : 4 inch
  • Family:  Pomacanthidae 
  • Minimum Tank Size:  70 Gallons
  • Lifespan: 10 – 15 years

The Coral Beauty Angelfish is a popular saltwater aquarium fish. It is also known as two-spined Angelfish or Dusky Angelfish. Coral Beauty has a disc-shaped body with a blunt snout. It shows the variation of color and is often dark blue on the head and fins with dark orange stripes vertically. It reaches sexual maturity at the age between 2 and 5 years. It is generally resistant to disease and it grows up to 10 cm in length. Its life span ranges from 10-15 years.

Wrasses

  • Care Level:  Moderate
  • Temperament:  Peaceful
  • Diet: Omnivore
  • Water Conditions:  75° to 83°F
  • Max.Size : 3 inch
  • Family:  Labridae 
  • Minimum Tank Size:  30 Gallons
  • Lifespan: 5 or more years
wrasse

Wrasses are very beautiful aquarium fish. They are usually very hardy and peaceful although a few species like the cleaner wrasses are extremely difficult to sustain in captivity. Wrasses are found throughout all the tropical regions of the world. They are often very colorful and many, though not all, are well suited to aquarium life. Wrasse fish range in size from just a few centimeters to over 2 meters in length; some have cylindrical body shapes while others are deeper bodied.

Butterflyfish

  • Care Level:  Depends on Species, Moderate – Difficult
  • Temperament:  Semi-aggressive
  • Diet: Omnivore
  • Water Conditions:  73–86 °F
  • Max.Size : 12-22 cm
  • Family:  Chaetodontidae
  • Minimum Tank Size:  Most species require a 125+ gallon tank
  • Lifespan: 5 to 10 years

Butterflyfish are some of the most beautiful and exotic colored fish known in the sea. There are at least 114 recorded species of saltwater butterflyfish, however, under half are them are suitable for home aquariums. Some species are commonly kept and can adapt to life in an aquarium, and others are near impossible to keep in captivity.

Mollies

  • Care Level:  Easy
  • Temperament:  Peaceful
  • Diet: Omnivore
  • Water Conditions:  75-80° F
  • Max.Size : Up to 4.5 inches
  • Family:  Poeciliidae
  • Minimum Tank Size: 10 gallons
  • Lifespan: up to 5 years.
mollies

Mollies are very versatile fish having the unique ability to live in both saltwater and freshwater if acclimated slowly. What makes these fish super cool is they come in so many different variant colors. You can have yellows, oranges, black and whites, balloon belly, fancy tailed and more. There are a couple of basic elements you need to know that really make these fish flourish in the home aquarium.

Royal Gramma

  • Care Level:  Easy
  • Temperament:  Peaceful
  • Diet:  Carnivore
  • Water Conditions: 72-78°F 
  • Max.Size : Up to 3 inches
  • Family:  Grammidae
  • Minimum Tank Size:  30 gallons
  • Lifespan: 5+ Years

The Royal Gramma fish is also known as a Fairy Basslet or Gramma Loreto is a small, vibrantly colored fish native to the Caribbean. It is a peaceful fish which would be perfect for both beginner fish keepers and experts alike. Often the crown in an individual’s collection, this fish makes the perfect addition to most saltwater aquariums.

Longnose Hawkfish

  • Care Level:  Easy
  • Temperament:  Semi-aggressive
  • Diet:  Carnivore
  • Water Conditions: 72-78°F 
  • Max.Size : 5 inches
  • Family:  Cirrhitidae
  • Minimum Tank Size:  30 gallons
  • Lifespan: ‎5 to 7 years or longer in the wild

It is a red fish with a white checked body. Also is it a white fish with a red checked body? Either way, the Longnose Hawkfish is a good looking little fish that can bring some personality to your tank. Keeping multiple hawkfish in most home-sized aquariums is asking for trouble. The Longnose is also known as tank jumper so a good tight-fitting hood or canopy will be needed.

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